Welcoming a Year of Change

Today, at the 2019 ACOG Annual Meeting in my hometown of Nashville, TN, I had the unique opportunity to stand before our peers as ACOG’s newly inaugurated 70th president. I’m honored and humbled to be able to serve as ACOG president and enjoyed seeing some of you at the Meeting. And, as I think about my time as ACOG president and what I’d like to accomplish, I can’t help but keep coming back to the common theme of refining and advancing our profession in times of change.

Obstetrics and gynecology is an ever-evolving profession. As the premier women’s health care association, ACOG has always been on the front lines of women’s health care as we develop new guidance, bring new perspectives, and advocate for our patients and our profession in the halls of Congress. But as obstetrics and gynecology continues to advance in leaps and bounds, we as physicians can’t just keep up with that progress …we have to get in front of it.

My presidential initiatives will focus on reenvisioning the system of delivery of surgical care to optimize patient safety and outcomes and supporting more research in women’s health care.  So as I begin my year of presidency, I’d like to challenge us all to consider three questions:

  • What is the best way to deliver the best care to our patients?
  • What is the best way to prepare today’s trainees to deliver the highest-quality care in the future that maximizes safety and accessibility?
  • How do we ensure the highest-quality health care for women for generations to come?

Levels of Gynecologic Care will help us answer those questions. This new concept, loosely modeled after the Levels of Maternal Care program, is centered on the robust and diverse task force I assembled to investigate what future practice patterns might best deliver the highest-quality and most effective gynecologic surgical care in the most efficient and safest manner. By anticipating the future, we can ensure that we are prepared to adapt to changing trends, patient needs, and new health care systems and processes.

While these initiatives are incredibly important to improving women’s health, I’m equally excited for the opportunity to get to know you, my colleagues. ACOG’s members are some of the most passionate, dedicated physicians out there and have helped shape the course of women’s health care throughout our history. I’m eager to hear from you about the work you’re doing to ensure health care of the highest possible quality for patients everywhere. Please connect with me on Twitter at @DrTedAnderson. 

Balance for Better Women’s Health Care Globally

Jeanne Conry, MD, PhD, FACOG is president elect of FIGO, ACOG Past President, and a member of the FIGO executive board. She is chair of the United States Women’s Preventive Services Initiative, a collaborative initiative of health professional organizations and consumer advocates who recommend and guide preventive health services across a woman’s life span; and cochair of the FIGO Working Group on Reproductive and Developmental Environmental Health.  Read her guest blog:

As an ob-gyn, I’ve devoted my career to doing right by women, both inside the exam room and out. That means supporting women’s health in the United States and globally through advocacy, research, and education. This International Women’s Day, let’s talk about how we as women’s health care professionals can improve women’s health to build a more equitably balanced world and propel change to improve quality of life for generations to come.

The theme of this year’s International Women’s Day is Balance for Better. Balance for better means not just supporting more diversity in the workforce but also working to advance women’s health with equal thought and care. We see women’s health inequalities every day, whether it’s U.S. taxes on menstrual products or political debates about which women’s health services should be covered by insurance. The truth is that a more equitably balanced world means better access to quality care for all women. Exceptional health care requires the empowerment of women, the elimination of violence, the rejection of reproductive coercion, and a demand for dignified, high-quality services.

Last year, when I became president-elect of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), I promised to use the distinguished honor to advocate for bringing women’s health to the forefront of international issues, support effective family planning choices for all women, and educate and advocate for awareness about the effect of the environment on reproductive health. FIGO is in a position to galvanize support for these objectives by partnering effectively with regional, national, and global organizations and effectively integrating and collaborating with its member societies. but all ob-gyns can play a role supporting women as we work to balance for better.

Ob-gyns are in a unique position to be a strong and effective voice for access to health care all over the world, particularly in places where the need for access to obstetric and gynecologic surgery and preventive services are critical. At ACOG, the Office of Global Women’s Health (OGWH) seeks to increase women’s access to quality health care by building provider skills, supporting implementation of high-impact interventions, and scaling proven solutions to decrease maternal mortality and morbidity and improve care throughout a woman’s life. OGWH was founded on the premise that by leveraging ACOG and its members’ unique capabilities, we can help to improve women’s health everywhere.

In 2018, the OGWH launched an effective e-learning program in India; provided consultation to the development of international guidance documents; joined a coalition to improve maternal, newborn, and child health in Madagascar; launched a new surgery training curriculum in Uganda; and successfully closed out a multiyear collaboration with the Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. These achievements advance the well-being of women, ensure women and girls access to better sexual and reproductive health care services, and improve the delivery of maternal and women’s health care around the world. You can learn more about OGWH programs and the work they are doing to balance for better by visiting their website. I also encourage you to join their Listserv to learn about new opportunities and how you can become involved.

As an ACOG member and president-elect of FIGO, I look forward to collaborating with you as we strive for excellence in our clinical practice and women’s wellness worldwide. If you haven’t yet, please take a moment today to support International Women’s Day by posting on social media using #balanceforbetter.

Critical Steps to Reverse Rising U.S. Maternal Mortality Rates

Last week on my flight from our nation’s capital to the Texas capital, I heard the amazing news! Congress took a critical step in combating the U.S. maternal mortality crisis by passing the Preventing Maternal Deaths Act. The bill is now on its way to the president’s desk for enactment.

This achievement follows nearly a decade of ACOG advocacy and active engagement by ob-gyns, our partner organizations, and members of Congress. We all worked together consistently and tirelessly on this bipartisan legislation to ensure that no more mothers die from preventable causes before, during, or after pregnancy. It is an important step, and by no means is it the last that we will take to end preventable maternal deaths.

Why This Bill Matters

The Preventing Maternal Deaths Act will provide federal funding to create or expand maternal mortality review committees (MMRCs) in every state. MMRCs bring together multidisciplinary teams made up of local ob-gyns, nurses, social workers, and other community stakeholders to review the causes of maternal deaths and find local solutions to prevent them.

While we have all heard and read the appalling statistics of rising maternal mortality rates, what drives us all to end this crisis goes beyond the numbers. It is the lived experiences we have with our patients and their families and with our mothers, aunts, sisters, and daughters. This issue touches every one of us.

My motivation for ending maternal mortality was kick-started early in my career. I witnessed the death of a healthy new mother who lost consciousness on arriving to labor and delivery. Like so many of these deaths, there is no one person to blame. There is a complex set of contributing factors that cause maternal deaths. MMRCs are a vital step to understanding the causes of maternal mortality and how we can prevent similar cases in the future. Supporting the work of MMRCs has been a key initiative of mine as ACOG president and is part of a larger ACOG effort to make every facility in the United States a safer place to deliver.

Implementing AIM at the Hospital and State Level

The Preventing Maternal Deaths Act is only one piece of the puzzle. Through the Alliance for Innovation on Maternal Health (AIM), ACOG leads a national partnership of provider, public health, and advocacy organizations dedicated to reducing maternal complications and deaths. With plans to expand to 35 states next year, AIM teaches hospitals how to prepare for, recognize, and respond to emergency situations. AIM maternal safety bundles (sets of best practices) support doctors, nurses, and hospitals with tools to be fully prepared. The bundles include things such as

  • Checklists and team training
  • Risk screening to identify women who may need additional attention
  • Processes to recognize potential problems early
  • Workflows that help team members respond quickly and consistently in circumstances where you might only have a few minutes to save a mother and child

AIM has already seen promising improvements in maternal complication rates from the first four states that joined the initiative. Its success relies on state teams comprised of state health departments, health associations, perinatal collaboratives, provider groups, and hospitals all working together to implement consistent maternity care practices and gather and report data on outcomes and process measures. The data allow them to measure progress and determine which practices are working.

There Is Still More We Need to Do

While positive steps are being made, real progress requires fundamental changes in women’s health care — not just from hospitals and providers but also from policy makers at every level. ACOG has been working to make our voices heard on this vital issue, but we need your help because our work is far from over.

Stay tuned as we continue our work with the U.S. Congress and in statehouses across the country next year. I look forward to continuing to stand shoulder to shoulder with you, my colleagues and friends, as we work together to improve women’s health and make childbirth safer for all.

ACOG Battles Maternal Mortality in Texas Through Maternal Site Surveys

Eugene Toy, MD

Eugene Toy, MD, is the medical director of ACOG’s Texas Levels of Maternal Care (LoMC) Verification Program, vice chair of District XI, and an ob-gyn at the University of Texas Medical School at Houston.

Levels of maternal care play an important role in supporting Dr. Hollier’s signature initiative to reduce preventable maternal mortality. The ACOG/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Levels of Maternal Care (LoMC) Obstetric Care Consensus supports this initiative by proposing uniform designations for levels of maternal care related to hospital capabilities and resources. Through the LoMC Verification Program, ACOG aims to foster collaboration among facilities at varying levels of care so that pregnant women receive care at a facility appropriate for their risk.

ACOG launched the LoMC program in Texas, where Level II, III, and IV facilities that provide maternal care must undergo site surveys to receive the level of care designations that will allow them to receive Medicaid reimbursement. I had the privilege of attending the site visits for each of the 11 surveys the LoMC program completed in 2018. Here are some observations:

  • Build purposeful partnerships. By using a collaborative and transparent approach, ACOG serves as a resource and mentor as well as a survey organization. This partnership builds trust with hospital leadership.
  • Quality is key. Maternal quality programs are the key to reducing severe morbidity and mortality. Each hospital has its strengths and excellent initiatives, but can also make improvements, including implementation of consistent triggers for quality reviews, monitoring outcomes or closing the loop, and providing education to staff.
  • It’s about the team. In many settings, the obstetrical unit is fairly isolated and lacks communication, shared processes and guidelines, joint team training, and joint quality reviews. In our surveys, we bring all key hospital services and leadership to the table over dinner to discuss how each area interfaces to work together for the maternal patient.
  • Trust but verify. Our approach is to verify that the processes put in place by the maternal leadership are utilized consistently and documented. We do this with chart reviews, hospital tours, and interviews of bedside staff.
  • Show flexibility. ACOG’s approach has been to be open-minded to how medicine is practiced in different settings, since Texas is so geographically diverse. Ultimately, our top priority is patient care.

I’m happy to report that after six months, our Texas LoMC Verification Program has already made a substantial impact in equipping hospitals, doctors, and nurses to improve care for Texas mothers. If you know someone working in a hospital in Texas, tell them to schedule their survey with ACOG and join our efforts in reducing maternal mortality.

ACEs: What You’re Not Asking Patients and How Their Answers Affects Care

Connie Gayle White, MD, MS, FACOG is an ACOG member and practiced as an OB/GYN physician in Frankfort, Kentucky for over 20 years.  She is currently the Senior Deputy Commissioner in the Kentucky Department for Public Health (KDPH) overseeing all the clinical services provided by the Department throughout the state – all chronic disease programs, women’s health services, maternal child health, and overseeing development of new programs. Read her guest blog post below. 

I once had a patient who smoked cigarettes. Over the years I treated her, I diligently counseled her on the harmful effects of smoking and gave her resources to help her quit. Yet every visit she returned a smoker. One day, I casually asked why she started smoking. She confided to me that she began smoking at the age of 10 because her father hated the smell of tobacco. She knew if she smelled like smoke he wouldn’t come into her room to assault her at night. She then revealed she had taught her younger 8 year old sister to smoke too. Tearfully, she asked if she was a bad sister. I had of course taught her all about the consequences of smoking and now she worried she had inadvertently put her sister’s health at risk. Instead of helping her, I had retraumatized her each year because I hadn’t known anything about ACEs.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are stressful traumatic events occurring in childhood — such as physical, emotional, or verbal abuse or neglect against any member within a household, or other forms of violence and household dysfunction — can interrupt healthy social-emotional development in children, and their consequences are more far-reaching than most physicians may realize. The first two years of a child’s life are a critical period wherein the brain is hardwired for social-emotional development. Secure attachment stemming from a nurturing, consistent relationship with a caregiver is the foundation of healthy social-emotional development, which in turn becomes the foundation of an individual’s cognitive development and sense of self-identity.

ACEs lead to an increase in risky and unhealthy behaviors in adolescents and adults. For example, as the number of ACEs a teen has experienced increases, it follows the dose-response curve and the likelihood that that teen will have had sex by age 15, become pregnant as a teen, or impregnate someone as a teen. More ACEs are also correlated with higher risk of attempting suicide at age 18 or below. In Kentucky, which has one of the highest rates of children with three or more ACEs in the country, adults with high ACE scores (three or more ACEs) smoke or binge drink at higher percentages than their low-ACE score counterparts.

However, risky behaviors are not the only way ACEs manifest later in life.  Chronic toxic stress resulting from conditions producing high ACEs starting at birth and beyond increases serum cortisol levels over prolonged periods Arthritis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and depression are more prevalent in adults age 18 and over with low ACE scores than in adults without, and even more prevalent still in adults with high ACE scores. Astonishingly, you’re more at risk for lung cancer if your ACE score is high than you are if you are a smoker. ACEs aren’t just a matter of psychology or emotion — they’re based in science, and knowledge of them can be a powerful tool for treating patients.

I’ve seen firsthand the serious and long-lasting effects of ACEs on women’s health, and now I realize that compassionate, trauma-informed treatment is a crucial skill for ob-gyns to learn so that we can not only effectively treat our patients but also avoid retraumatizing them without realizing it. Patients with ACEs are not just bringing themselves into our exam rooms — they’re bringing their experiences, too. By learning about ACEs, ob-gyns and their staff can treat patients with compassion and find real, effective solutions to issues that neither the ob-gyn nor the patient could solve otherwise. Start by watching this TED Talk: How childhood trauma affects health across a lifetime | Nadine Burke Harris and learn how to use ACEs when evaluating patient care options.

Fight The Flu: 4 Ways to Protect Patients

Flu season is upon us again! As we enter the time of year when many of us are at increased risk for sickness, it’s important for ob-gyns and providers to take stock of what we can do to protect ourselves, our patients, and our patients’ families. Now is the time to understand the importance of preventing and treating the flu and learn how best to treat your patients.

It’s always crucial that we protect our patients however possible — but during this time of year, it’s especially important that we protect our pregnant patients, who are at increased risk of severe disease, complications, and hospitalization related to the flu. Those risks are especially compounded for pregnant women with any underlying conditions. As ob-gyns, we’re in a unique position to help drive home the importance of flu vaccinations — and to provide crucial assessment and treatment when need be. In order to best serve our patients during this flu season, we need to be ready to address the issue of the flu from all angles.

So what can ob-gyns do to make sure we’re prepared to protect our patients?

  1. Recommend — and, when feasible, offer — flu vaccination to all patients, particularly those who are pregnant. The flu vaccine is recommended for everyone six months and older.
  2. Lead by example and get vaccinated ourselves
  3. Encourage our colleagues and staff to get vaccinated
  4. Be prepared to assess and treat pregnant patients who present to us with suspected or confirmed influenza

ACOG has prepared resources to help you take these steps. ACOG’s Committee Opinion Number 732: Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy outlines the recommendations for vaccinating your patients and provides important safety and efficacy information. Committee Opinion Number 753: Assessment and Treatment of Pregnant Women with Suspected or Confirmed Influenza, published this October, features an algorithm that will help providers assess pregnant patients for symptoms of influenza and determine the proper treatment of suspected or confirmed cases. Additionally, ACOG has resources to help you educate your patients on the importance and benefits of getting the flu vaccine and prepare yourself to answer any questions your patients may have about the flu or the flu vaccine.

As providers, we’re responsible for not only doing our best to prevent the risk of contracting the flu but also recognizing flu symptoms, assessing their severity, and prescribing safe and effective antiviral therapy for pregnant women with the flu. With ACOG’s flu resources, providers can make sure they’re prepared to defend against the flu on all fronts. Protect women and their families this flu season by encouraging your patients and staff to get vaccinated against the flu and doing so yourself.

Health Equity Through Action on Social Determinants of Health

This summer, I had the opportunity to participate on a panel moderated by The Hill, a Washington, D.C., newspaper and website, where we addressed equity in maternal and infant health (watch a recording of the session). The session reminded me of how important it is for us as ob-gyns to consider social determinants of health when caring for our patients.

Social determinants of health are conditions in a person’s environment that can affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. We may not think of social determinants as influential factors when it comes to health, but the environments in which our patients are born, live, work, and spend their time all impact their health outcomes. Availability of resources to meet daily needs such as safe housing and local food markets; access to educational, economic, and job opportunities; access to health care services; and social norms and attitudes such as discrimination, racism, and distrust of government — these are all determinants that affect conditions we see in our patients every day.

Social determinants also affect pregnancy outcomes. Disparities in maternal mortality and morbidity rates between women of different races, ages, geographic locations, and more can be linked to different social determinants of health. Because social determinants vary so widely, their effects manifest differently for different groups of women.

For example, maternal mortality and morbidity rates are three to four times greater for black women than for white women. Studies have shown that hospitals who serve primarily black women tend to have much higher rates of maternal morbidity. There are also numerous personal accounts, some from figures as prominent as Serena Williams, that show black mothers can feel that their health concerns are disregarded. While many factors contribute to black women’s elevated maternal mortality and morbidity rates, we can’t overlook the roles of social determinants in contributing to poorer outcomes

So why am I telling you all of this? As providers, we can benefit immensely from understanding how our patients’ environments affect their health and allowing that understanding to inform our practice. If we want to secure better health for all mothers, we must take social determinants as seriously as we would any other pre-, peri-, or postnatal condition.  Once we understand how environments can affect health outcomes, we can treat our patients more holistically. We can not only address those influences but also help create and maintain healthy environments that promote better health outcomes. Read through ACOG’s Social Determinants of Health resource overview, which offers resources that may be helpful for you and your patients related to social determinants of health.

Join Us for ACOG Advocacy Month

Katie McHugh, MD, is the Current ACOG Junior Fellow Congress Advisory Council (JFCAC) chair and an obstetrician gynecologist at Indiana University in Indianapolis. Read her guest blog post below. Connect with her on Twitter at @KtMcH.

I’m honored to take over Dr. Hollier’s President’s Blog today to share something that’s so near and dear to my heart: advocacy! As your JFCAC chair, I’ve been waiting for October all year, and not just because I love costumes and candy corn. October is ACOG Advocacy Month!

ACOG Advocacy Month is a project the JFCAC launched because we want everyone — Junior Fellows and Fellows alike — to know that ACOG is more than practice guidelines and conferences. ACOG is also how we make our voices heard around the country and around the world and speak out about the issues that matter most to our specialty. Through the strength of our numbers, using the resources and connections ACOG has established, our specialty organization can be the megaphone or the password we need to make sure our message is heard where our voices are needed the most. And the best part? It’s incredibly easy to get involved wherever you are, no matter your schedule, and make a difference on the issues that are most important to you.

Before we get into the details, watch our short video about advocacy and how ACOG can help you advocate for issues you care about.

Each week of October will have a different advocacy focus, including at least one action item to help you find your passion and take action to make a difference right away. Check out our website each week for new updates, ideas, tips, and tricks and keep an eye on #JFAdvoMonth on social media for inspiration. Whether you’re a newcomer or a veteran advocate, I promise you’ll learn something new!

I’ve loved traveling the country with ACOG since my term began, making new friends and learning all of the different things our colleagues love most about our specialty. At every meeting and event I’ve attended, I’ve been inspired to see one trait overwhelmingly present in our community: Passion. It’s no surprise that folks who sign up for a life of long work hours, constant education, and high-pressure performance circumstances are a passionate group. Our patients and our practices rely on that dedication and enthusiasm every day — but our patients need us outside of the exam room too. Our commitment to our specialty must be heard in the places where decisions that impact our lives and the lives of the women we serve are made.

Advocacy is an integral part of our mission as physicians. This month, I hope you’ll join us in learning new ways to use our clinical experience and expertise to make an even bigger difference for women’s health.

On behalf of the JFCAC, happy ACOG Advocacy Month!

Early Screenings Can Prevent Depression in Pregnant Women and New Moms

Last month, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) issued draft recommendations for assessment and treatment of pregnant and postpartum women who are at increased risk of perinatal depression. The USPSTF recommends that pregnant and postpartum women be assessed to identify whether they are at high risk for depression so they can receive intervention before symptoms arise. ACOG joins other women’s health care organizations in applauding these recommendations, as they speak to the heart of preventing mental health issues in the women we treat.

In their draft evidence review, the USPSTF found convincing evidence that counseling interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy are effective in preventing perinatal depression in women at increased risk. ACOG has long believed that ob-gyns who screen women for perinatal and postpartum depression play a critical role in managing depression’s impact on women and their families throughout and after pregnancy by alerting women to their level of risk for depression and referring them for intervention.

Mental health issues are one of the most common complications during pregnancy and postpartum. On average mental health issues affect one in seven women during the perinatal period, but that rate is higher in certain groups of women. For example, women who are socioeconomically disadvantaged are at particularly high risk for depression; for them, the rate of perinatal depression rises to one in three. It’s clear that we can’t afford to let perinatal and postpartum depression slip through the cracks. ACOG’s recommendations, along with the USPSTF’s draft recommendations, aim to ensure that all mothers at high risk for depression receive the care they need as early as possible.

In Committee Opinion 630: Screening for Perinatal Depression, ACOG recommends universal screening at least once during the perinatal period and advises that systems be in place to ensure follow-up diagnosis and treatment. ACOG’s guidance aims to promote the integration of maternal mental health into perinatal care delivery. It’s important to remember that screening is an important step in achieving that goal, but it’s not a diagnostic tool. The postscreening stage is critical, and access to care — particularly in the form of psychologists, psychiatrists, and other mental health resources — can be a challenge for many, especially for those of us who are up against financial, geographic, and social barriers. That’s why I’m proud of the instrumental work ACOG has done in the passage of the 2016 Bringing Postpartum Depression Out of the Shadows Act, which will increase states’ ability to ensure women have access to routine screening and treatment.

ACOG worked to bring maternal mental health into the spotlight and supports state programs that help providers connect women to the treatment they need. We have convened a Maternal Mental Health Expert Work Group, a multidisciplinary collaboration of specialists in women’s health, obstetrics, psychiatry, psychology, nursing, social work, and public health, and established resources to help increase knowledge among ob-gyns about the need for screening and established response protocols. But we don’t intend to stop there: ACOG will continue to work with our partners to integrate maternal mental health care into perinatal care delivery.

After the public comment period, which ends September 24, 2018, the USPSTF will review the feedback received and develop a final recommendation statement and evidence review. Final recommendations will be posted on the USPSTF website.

For more information about ACOG’s guidance and initiatives to promote integration of maternal mental health into perinatal care delivery, see our depression and postpartum depression resource overview.

As I’ve mentioned previously, hearing directly from my fellow members is one of the reasons I love being ACOG President. You can always reach me viaTwitter at @TXmommydoc.

Breastfeeding in the Headlines

Breastmilk is easier to digest than formula, and contains antibodies that protect against infections, allergies, inflammatory bowel disease and sudden infant death syndrome. The benefits of breastfeeding extend into adulthood, with lower rates of obesity, cardiovascular disease risk factors, diabetes and some types of cancers. Nursing mothers also enjoy benefits such as reduced risk for breast cancer, ovarian cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease.

There is no shortage of evidence showing the value of breastfeeding for both women and their infants.  And yet, studies show that while most women in the United States initiate breastfeeding, more than half wean earlier than they desire. Barriers to breastfeeding can have a dramatic impact on the likelihood a mother will continue to nurse her child.  Common barriers include a women’s socioeconomic status, education, misconceptions, and social norms. For example, barriers such as the need to return to work sooner after giving birth and employment in positions that make breastfeeding at work more difficult contribute to lower rates of breast feeding among low-income women than women with higher incomes.

While the Affordable Care Act includes provisions to support breastfeeding mothers, there is more to be done. Supporting a woman’s decision to breast-feed takes a multifaceted approach, including advancing public policies like paid family leave, access to quality child care, break time, and a location other than a bathroom for expressing milk.

As ob-gyns and advocates for women’s health, we can also support women to achieve their infant feeding goals directly through patient care. According to  ACOG Committee Opinion NO. 658, Ob-gyns and other obstetric care providers should:

  • Develop and maintain knowledge and skills in anticipatory guidance, physical assessment and support for normal breastfeeding physiology, and management of common complications of lactation.
  • Support each woman’s informed decision about whether to initiate or continue breastfeeding, recognizing that she is uniquely qualified to decide whether exclusive breastfeeding, mixed feeding, or formula feeding is optimal for her and her infant.
  • Support women in integrating breastfeeding into their daily lives in the community and in the workplace.
  • Be a resource for breastfeeding women through the infant’s first year of life, and for those who continue beyond the first year.

ACOG strongly supports breastfeeding and provides resources for both you and your patients. I encourage you to visit acog.org/breastfeeding to learn more.